Animals That Carry Babies on Their Backs

surprisingly a variety of animals carry their young on their backs.

Here is a list of 10 animals that carry their babies on their backs:


The banded horned tree frog

The banded horned tree frog (Hemiphractus fasciatus) has a distinctive triangular “helmet” adorning its head and is found in parts of Ecuador, Panama, and Colombia. It does not have a tadpole stage in its life cycle. Instead, fully-formed froglets — miniature versions of adults — emerge after developing from eggs attached to the skin on their mother’s back

Wolf spider

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Wolf spiders practice a form of infant care that is unique among spiders. As soon as the spiderlings emerge from their egg sac, they immediately clamber onto their mother’s back, where they remain for up to two weeks, researchers reported in a study of several wolf spider species, published in 1964 in the journal Arkansas Academy of Science Proceedings.

Whip spider

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Also known as tailless whip scorpions, whip spiders are not true spiders, but rather belong to an arachnid group known as amblypygids, which contains over 155 species. Though they have eight limbs, only six are used for walking, while two whip-like appendages — which can be several times as long as their bodies — act as sensory organs.


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Swans, the world’s largest waterfowl, are widely recognized for their loyalty to their mates and are known to pair up for life. But swan mothers have also been observed providing especially devoted attention to their young — known as cygnets — by serving as a temporary flotation device to help the little ones as they learn to swim.

Surinam toad

The grey, tongueless, triangle-headed and curiously flat Surinam toad (Pipa pipa) is almost entirely aquatic, living in lowland rainforests in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, the Guianas, Peru and Trinidad


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Keeping track of up to 100 babies is a daunting task for any mother, and female scorpions do so by carrying their scores of young — called scorplings — on their backs until the scorplings’ first molt, according to a study published in 2011 in the European Journal of Entomology.


Opossums are North America’s only native marsupials. There are about 75 species in this family living in both North and South America, and one of the most widely distributed species is the Virginia opossum

Giant anteater

For the first year of their lives, giant anteater young — known as “pups” — frequently ride on their mothers’ backs, according to a species description published online by the San Diego Zoo


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Great apes — gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos and orangutans — are our closest primate relatives, and all are known to carry their young on their backs. In most primate species, newborns are unable to walk or care for themselves, and are not protected by nests. Their slow development requires that their mothers keep them close, for frequent nursing and for transportation and protection. Infants are usually transferred from the front of the mother’s body to her back when they are strong enough to grip her securely — typically when they are few months old, according to a study published April 2008 in the journal Naturwissenschaften.

Horned marsupial frog

The term “marsupial” typically conjures images of mammals that tote their young in furry pouches, such as kangaroos, koalas, and other denizens of the Australian continent. But the rare and endangered horned marsupial frog (Gastrotheca cornuta), which lives in the forests of Panama, Columbia and Ecuador, also bears a stretchy baby-bearing pouch — on her back.